CECS 5110 Blog

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Designing Multimedia Instruction over the Course of the Semester

What have you learned in the course about designing instruction from a multimedia perspective?

How would designing instruction be different from a constructivist perspective, based on what you have read? Would it?

I have learned that designing multimedia has been one of the hardest things I have done in my educational career. My limits were stretched and I used programs that I had only heard of in passing. I think that this has been a great challenge for me and has given me the opportunity to explore new ways of designing instruction – especially because in many school libraries, technology is beginning to replace paper and pencil instruction. I have learned that designing multimedia is also time consuming and is not something that can be rushed through. Troubleshooting and figuring out how to work the design programs taught me a lot about patience and trusting that what I was doing would eventually lead to a final product. The programs that I used also gave me insight into what they can truly do – from creating a webpage to creating a video – and how they can be used to create meaningful and interactive instruction.

I don’t think that designing instruction would be different from a constructivist perspective. Based on what I have read throughout this program, the constructivist learning theory involves active learning, which leads to the construction of ideas and uses prior knowledge of previous learning. I believe that designing instruction could use different learning theories, however, I feel that the constructivist approach is the best for learning.

What I have learned about designing instruction

What have you learned thus far about designing instruction? What is different? What is the same as other forms of instruction?

I have learned that designing instruction is an important factor in teaching and learning. It creates opportunities outside paper and pencil and allows learners to gain knowledge in multiple ways. I have learned that creating instruction doesn’t have to involve lots of fancy programs – they definitely help make the instruction better – but creativity and the ability to share meaningful information is the most important. Designing instruction using multimedia is something I had never done before this class – all I created were text based documents with maybe a screenshot or two. I think that designing instruction is essentially the same across the board, it just depends on how detailed it is or what the final result is intended to be.

Designing Online Multimedia Instruction

How has your journey of learning to use multi and single media to teach been so far? What have you learned? What would you still like to learn? What is still hazy?

So far, my journey of learning to use multi and single media to teach has been eye opening. I have gained so much more knowledge on the different programs out there to create different types of media instruction. I have become somewhat proficient at some of them and still stumble through the rest. I have learned that patience is key when creating multimedia instruction. Using just text or just audio or just visual images seems a bit easier to manage and maintain than instruction that has multiple types of media. While it seems more helpful in terms of instruction, sometimes multimedia can be overwhelming for learners who have a specific learning style. I would like to learn more about how to incorporate some of these programs into my actual lessons and have students use them to learn even more about the library as a whole and all of the fun learning opportunities that come with libraries. Nothing is really hazy for me right now – although I would still like to take the time to delve further into some of the programs I am not quite familiar with.

Designing Instruction using Video

What have you learned thus far about designing instruction from a video media perspective? What was beneficial? What was difficult? How did it change the way you think about learning and teaching?

What is helpful about using video versus a single medium for delivering instruction?

So far, I have learned that video instruction is very detailed. Much more is taken into account when creating videos, such as clothing, looks, camera angle, sound, background, etc. I also learned that it is very important to know how to merge different clips together in the correct places to make sure the video is cohesive and makes sense. I also learned how important additional audio (background music) is when you are using it in a video. It cannot be too loud or too dominating when it comes to adding something fun to a video. I think that video instruction is beneficial in that it gives learners a different perspective to learn from and adds a personal touch to the instruction. I also think that video instruction provides a more interactive learning opportunity outside of just audio or text. The most difficult thing for me was trying to find equipment to use. I had an iPad, but no really good way to mount it, so I ended up having to prop it up on the table and sit in a chair to complete the video. I also didn’t have any of the information memorized, so I had to have it located somewhere convenient for me to read so I could give the proper steps to the learners. In terms of using Adobe Premiere, I had to Google how to add text frames to the video, but other than that, everything else went rather smoothly. Creating video instruction really opened my eyes to how many ways media can be used in teaching and learning. It allows for so much more and goes away from the “paper and pencil” norm that education is known for. I also think that video instruction (especially done by teachers or media specialists) is a less expensive alternative and can reach multiple students at once.

I think that using video instruction can be helpful to learners because it does add a sense of personality to the learning. The video can be funny, serious, relaxed, tense, etc. I also think it gives the learner a chance to see their instructor and give the human element to it. I also like that video instruction can include text or transitions for a smoother lesson. Videos can also be broken up into multiple, shorter videos, allowing learners to watch only what they need at that moment (similar to the VTC training videos), or the whole thing, depending on instruction.

Designing Image-Audio Combined Instruction

What is different about developing instruction with both images and audio combined? Is it more efficient? Do you think about how you instruct someone differently? Are there limitations? Benefits? If so, what are they?

There is really nothing different about developing instruction with both images and audio combined. The main thing that needs to be considered is how the instruction actually looks and whether or not it is user friendly. I think it is more efficient to develop audio-visual instruction because it seems easier to create because it has multiple media included and the only the the developer has to think about is how the instruction actually looks to the learner and if the audio and visuals actually work, if they are interactive. I think that designing instruction with images and audio covers all of the learning styles and will enable all the learners to complete the instruction as efficiently as possible. I don’t think that there are limitations, however, there could be learners that have other learning needs and would need completely different instruction. The benefits of this type of instruction is that, like mentioned above, it encompasses multiple learning styles and allows for better understanding of the instruction and ease of completion.

Designing from a Multiple Media Perspective

What have you learned thus far about designing from a multiple media perspective? How do you think the use of audio-visual instruction will benefit teaching and learning? What do you think will be potential issues with the use of audio-visual instruction? How do you think it will impact your teaching and learning?

I actually enjoyed making instruction using audio and visual instruction. It seems a lot easier to use. Once I learned how to properly use InDesign and manipulate the materials to make instruction, I learned that audio-visual instruction is probably one of the most beneficial teaching methods because it encompasses a majority of learning styles. In terms of teaching, I think audio-visual instruction is easy as well. The students can visually see what is happening while also being guided by the audio instruction, which could help them understand better. I don’t see any potential issues with the use of audio-visual instruction, however, there could be issues that are unforeseen.

Developing Audio Only Instruction

What is different about developing instruction with audio? Is it more efficient? Do you think about how you instruct someone differently? Are there limitations? Benefits? If so, what are they?

I didn’t find any major differences in developing instruction with audio. As a matter of fact, once I learned the program, I found it quite easy. I think it is more efficient because it is so much easier to make corrections. You simply delete what you don’t want and hit record to redo something. If you have visual or text, you have to go back to the original document and change everything… that can be time consuming – especially if you are not in the same place as the materials that need editing. What I also have found efficient with audio that I have watched is that if the speaker is instructing and wants to add something to their statement, they simply just say it… they don’t have to fix a document and then re-send it, etc. I think that I would instruct someone differently with audio-only instruction. Again, I am a firm believer of learning styles and there are some learners that are okay with auditory only and some need other components. I think there could be some limitations in developing audio-instruction – especially for learners who need visual or text to accompany it. As I mentioned in my earlier post, we have younger students on our campus who would benefit maybe from the text or visual, especially since they may not have the experience with computers and websites as the older students would.

 

Creating Audio-Only Instruction

How do you think the use of audio-only instruction will benefit teaching and learning? What do you think will be the potential issues with the use of audio? How do you think it will impact your teaching and learning?

What do you think is helpful about using audio? How do you think it differs from using images and text?

I think that audio-only instruction benefits teaching and learning in that it allows for learners with auditory learning styles to actively participate in learning. I like it because, depending on what the learning goal is, the music or other additions makes it more interesting to listen to. In terms of teaching, I think audio is good. It is convenient because it can be recorded and saved and replayed. I also like auditory sometimes because it allows the learner to hear my voice and inflection to know whether or not I am upbeat or not. The potential issues with audio is that it can be hard for visual learners to really understand what is going on. A good example is the training videos we watch. If they didn’t have the video to accompany them, I would struggle with the lesson. So much of what we learn also has icons so just auditory instruction wouldn’t help in terms of knowing what is being discussed. It impacts my teaching because I have to keep in mind what kind of learners my students are. Will just audio be beneficial? If I were to teach this to our younger students (K-3), the audio-only instruction wouldn’t work because so many of our kids’ computers at school are set up with just “one click” icons so it’s easier for them. In terms of learning, it impacts me because I listen to audio-only lessons sometimes, however, without the visual component, sometimes the audio-only is a little harder.

I think that using audio is helpful because it allows further explanation of a task. If you are teaching using audio and need to change something or mention something else to help, then it can be done rather easily as opposed having to go in and edit documents and images… it has a quicker “fix” so to speak.

Developing Instruction with Visuals and Text

What is different about developing instruction with both images and text combined? Is it more efficient? Do you think about how you instruct someone differently? Are there limitations? Benefits? If so, what are they?

It is not really different developing instruction with both images and text combined. What made it different was using Indesign to modify and add text. Once I learned how to use Indesign, designing the instruction went well. In terms of being efficient, the intended purpose of the instruction is. It is more efficient because it combines two aspects of instructions that are important in teaching and learning. The visuals will quickly help those who don’t need words to complete a task and the same with the textual component. Combined, it is a more efficient way to provide instruction using both methods.

Every learner has a different way of gaining knowledge. Creating this visual/text instruction allowed me to design something for multiple learning styles and grade levels. While the audience for this instruction is 4-8th graders, the younger students (K-3) on our campus would also benefit, as many of them learn with very simple instructions. While I was designing this particular instruction, I was thinking back to my learning style as a student in the intermediate grades – I needed both visual and written (or sometimes auditory) instruction to complete a task. A great example in my profession is the visual/text instructions our district library office provides with step-by-step visual and text directions on how to run certain reports. This experience has only heightened my awareness of how instruction is created and who will be learning from it.